puppet comes from the word meaning wayangan drawing inspiration in the form of characters and stories that can be illustrated clearly in mind, the puppet is an Indonesian traditional arts, especially developed in Java and Bali.this art actually been known since prehistoric times of the year before the year 1500 AD, puppet play is usually based on stories taken from the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata from India, but has been modified by java people.
In his dissertation, entitled Bijdrage tot de Kennis van het Javaansche Tooneel (1897), the Dutch cultural historian Dr. GA.J. Hazeau indicated his belief that the puppet is the original show Jawa.Puppet show has been recognized by UNESCO on November 7, 2003, as an admirable work in the field of culture and heritage narrative story is beautiful and very valuable (Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity).
puppet yore is part of the animistic religion of ancestor worship called spirit dahyang or hyang, manifested in the form of statues or puppets pict.but in its development, changing roles, from cult to the media instructional media for the public and now even sometimes just to be entertainment only, with the advent of the personal ideas dhalang so that various electronic equipment began to take roles in the stage and gamelan music devices as well as clothing worn by dhalang ki, singer, and the interpreter His musical in any scenario there is always shifting so that has now been judged more difficult where the original story which essays and stories where the only entertainment only.
There are puppet versions played by people in costume, which is known as the puppet people, and there is also a form of collection of teddy puppet played by the puppeteer. This puppet puppeteer played them in the form of shadowgrapht and wayang shadow puppet golek.only shadowgraph that usually played at night, when it’s dark. Behind a curtain, lights installed. People who watch the show sitting in front of the shadow puppet screen. They could only see shadow puppets. puppet show can take a long time, up to nine hours.
A puppet show performed by Ki Dalang, which means a storyteller. She always sat behind the curtain is playing puppet. Ki Dalang is very important because he is playing all the puppets and voiced their text. He also led the singing and gamelan puppet.
because the puppet was so strong arts culture is rooted in the Indonesian nation, so there was some confusion between the wayang stories, legends, and history. If the Indians think that the story of Mahabharata and Ramayana actually happened in his country, a Javanese puppet story even consider ever really happens on the island of Java.